Who started and how did it spread?

Who started and how did it spread?

The disease, which was later called AIDS, began to appear when many cases of acquired immunodeficiency among homosexuals were detected in the United States in mid-1981.

At that time, the US Centers for Disease Control and Epidemiology reported outbreaks of pneumonia and Kaposi’s sarcoma among gay males, rare diseases that primarily affected only people with weakened immune systems, such as those with rare genetic diseases or those receiving treatment. Immunosuppressant for the purpose of organ transplantation, or for cancer chemotherapy.

It turned out that the bodies of those infected with the new syndrome, mysterious at the time, showed a severe weakness in resistance to a wide range of viral, bacterial and parasitic infections.

“Homosexuals” and the secret of contracting AIDS:

Human immunodeficiency disease, the final stage of which is known as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), is characterized by a long incubation period, during which the effectiveness of cellular immunity ceases, leading to the spread of infectious lesions and secondary tumors.

The disease was first described in 1981, and today it spreads to varying degrees throughout the world, and the largest number of people infected with HIV live on the African continent.

The first two studies on “AIDS” pointed to symptoms of pneumonia that appear in men who engage in same-sex sexual relations, and a few months later, AIDS was described as a “homosexual” disease.

After a while, the situation changed, and the first woman was diagnosed with the disease, but the vast majority of the infected were men, gay or bisexual.

Over time, doctors have observed that drug addicts who use injections have a high risk of contracting HIV.

It was soon learned that HIV was transmitted mainly through sexual intercourse, through unsterilized needles, and through mass injection drug use. Infection is also possible through transfusion of infected blood, or the use of non-sterile instruments during treatments, but such infections occur less frequently.

For drug addicts, some reports say that one out of three drug addicts who regularly inject their bodies becomes infected with HIV, while among homosexual drug addicts the infection rate is higher.

Why are male homosexuals more likely to contract HIV?

The possibility of transmission of HIV infection from one man to another or between a man and a woman in anal intercourse is greater than the normal vaginal relationship between a man and a woman, due to trauma and bleeding during these practices, while vaginal intercourse has fewer chances of infection transmission, because the vagina contains A natural immune barrier that reduces the possibility of infection.

Reports indicate that gay men in the 1980s and 1990s did not use condoms, which contributed to a rapid increase in HIV infection among those with this behaviour.

In the following decades, a decrease in the rates of AIDS infection among homosexual men was monitored as a result of the spread of condom use. On the other hand, an increase in the rate of infection transmission appeared in sexual relations between men and women.

Child Health : A doctor explains why it is not recommended to give tranquilizers to children

According to Dr. Zlata Kazarinova, a pediatrician, there is still no study proving that sedatives help children concentrate better and pass exams well.

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Children sitting for long periods in front of the television and computer leads to negative self-evaluation

The doctor said in an interview : “If we talk about “sedative” drugs that come from plants, it must be noted that there is no confirmation of their effectiveness or danger. That is, they can only affect the body like a placebo effect. But if we talk about soothing drugs, Such as antipsychotics, antidepressants, and tranquilizers, these can only be purchased with a prescription, after a comprehensive examination of the patient. Therefore, in all cases, without a medical examination, it is not recommended to give such medications to children.”

The doctor advises that instead of giving the child sedatives before he goes to school, present him to a child psychiatrist some time ago, and not on the eve of his going to school.

She says: “There are students whose anxiety months before exams can make them lose sleep and appetite. Not paying attention to this condition as it is a normal thing is a big mistake. Because if the child suffers from a chronic problem such as chronic fatigue, insomnia, and disordered desire to eat (loss of appetite or excessive Eating food), as well as a change in his behavior (he becomes withdrawn or agitated), must be presented immediately to a psychiatrist.”

Fruits and vegetables : Is cucumber and tomato salad harmful to digestion?

According to Dr. Sergey Agapkin, tomato and cucumber salad is not harmful to the digestive process and cannot be.

A diet of fruits and vegetables may prevent aging

The doctor points out that eating cucumber and tomato salad with other vegetables is a widespread fact, not only in the summer, but also in other seasons of the year, and it does not cause any harm to the digestive system and the digestion process.

He adds that lycopene is a pigment that determines the color of some products, such as tomatoes and red watermelon, and is an antioxidant. Reducing oxidative stress in the body slows the development of atherosclerosis and also helps prevent the emergence of tumors.

Based on that, this healthy salad can be eaten.